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There is a Bucharest


A city of the contrasts and the contradictions, a place in the center of an apparently infinite level, Bucharest united in its inside several cities some separate life lead. Old palaces us to past times remind, schlummern in close proximity to stealing and glass buildings. Parks with age-old trees withdraw themselves from the overcrowded roads and the old hotels received still their customers without the modern gloss of the 5 stars restaurants to consider…
According to the legend this city was called, based several centuries ago by a Hirten, Bucur. An older history however tells Dromichaites about the myth of the getischen king and about the “joy city (bucurie)”, which it had established at the place of the today's city.

Pana Silviu The historians, indulgently against the romantic legend, proved that the today's capital of Romania was inhabited during the middle Paläolithikums and the Neolithikums already. Proofs come due to the geographical location, which favoured the passage of the persons and goods. Traces of the Getisch - Daki dwellings from the 1800 - 800 v. Chr. Time interval and the Dakisch - Roman settlements, those into the III-X. To centuries were established are retained until today.
In the Middle Ages the history of the city of the personality of the ruler Vlad Tepes is characterized. This shifted the residence of the walachischen princes from Târgoviste to Bucharest. It was also that, which issued the historical document, representing the mention of the settlement Bucharest, on 20 September 1459. In the second half 17. Century, during the rule of Gheorghe Ghica, becomes Bucharest the capital of the Walachei - one of the three Romanian principalities of the time.
In the year 1859, after the combination of the Moldau with the Walachei, the ruler Alexandru Ioan Cuza converts the capital Bucharest into two combined principalities. 1862 are called Bucharest the capital of Romania.


At the same time we can talk about a culture life of the city. In the year 1694 in Bucharest the Fürstliche academy Sfântu Sava, one of the most important high schools of Eastern Europe is created. That brings also the final opening of the city Bucharest in relation to culture - to art and science. At this time the building of the palaces and cultural building begins, in which local elements and western architectural influences are marvelously connected. In the year 1854 the Cismigiu garden is opened and the German Ferdinand let-letting let-leaving writes that “all this that can show Germany over-bids”.

In the year 1866 the academic society is created, 1869 finds the opening of the Bukarester university instead of (initially this building accommodated also different institutions: the senate, the Romanian academy, the Zentralbibliothek, the school for beautiful arts…) and in the year 1888 the Romanian Atheneum is opened. With 1,000 spectators a concert hall the building becomes soon a symbolic presence of the city.



Pana Silviu

In the medium range it came to a later however constant and important development in the Eastern European connection. In the year 1884 the “Universul” becomes newspaper, which first large Romanian daily paper, herausgegebdien. 1928 begin to be received the broadcasting station its regular transmissions, only on Mittel-und later also on short waves could.
In the same time also the first museums in Bucharest donating the museum of natural history “Grigore Antipa” (1908) become, the national military museum (1914), the village museum (1936) - one of the most famous museums within the range of the Ethnographie world-wide. The museum of the Romanian literature (1957), with numerous manuscripts, documents, photos and intending articles represents the highlights in the Romanian literature.


In the year 1950 in close proximity to Bucharest the first Filmstudio in the southeast of Europe is called based - “Buftea”. At the New Year's Eve 31. December 1956 also the first television broadcast - in black-and-white - takes place. 1964 were created the “Animafilmstudio”.

After 1989, due to the revolution of the communist government a wild life began. The uncertainty, the fear of that unknown quantities and hopes, the impetuous initiative and the failure, the talent and the illusions of Western Europe represent the confusing picture of the capital Bucharest.

Today Bucharest is the largest city of Romania with a surface of 228 km2. Center of the policy, the administration and the trade, with a population of 2.016.000 inhabitants. Here also 14% of the worker of the country are concentrated.